The Ching Ming Festival is also called the Youth Festival, at the turn of Zhongchun and Hunchun, the 108th day after the winter solstice. It is a traditional Chinese festival and one of the most important festivals. It is the day of worshipping the ancestors and sweeping the graves. The Ching Ming Festival of the Chinese nation has begun around the Zhou Dynasty and has a history of more than 2,500 years.
"Almanac": "On the fifteenth day after the spring equinox, fighting for the Ding, for the Qingming, when everything is clean and clear, when the cover is clear and clear, everything is obvious, hence the name." Qingming arrived, the temperature rose, It is the good season of spring ploughing, so there is the saying of "planting beans before and after the Qingming."
The Ching Ming Festival and the Dragon Boat Festival, the Spring Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival are also known as the four traditional festivals in China. On May 20, 2006, the Ching Ming Festival declared by the Ministry of Culture of China was approved by the State Council to be included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage.
This is the custom of the Qingming Festival in ancient China. The Five Dynasties Wang Renyu's "Kaiyuan Tianbao Relics" contained "The Tianbao Palace to the Cold Food Festival actually swayed the swings, so that the palace singers laughed and thought it was a feast. The emperor called the half-sex drama, and all the sages called it", the prime minister of the Song Dynasty Wen Yanbo The poem "Cold Food Days Over the Dragon Gate", the poem describes "the bridgeside willow green line, the forest swings the color rope." The swing, meaning to carry the leather rope and migrate.
Its history is very old, it was called Qianqiu at the earliest, and later changed to a swing in order to avoid taboos. In ancient times, the swings were mostly made of tree lychees, and then made of ribbons. Later it gradually developed into a swing with two ropes and pedals. Swinging can not only improve health, but also cultivate brave spirit, which is still loved by people, especially children.
鞠 is a kind of ball, the ball skin is made of leather, and the ball is tight with hair. Hey, just use your feet to play. This is a game that people loved during the ancient Ching Ming Festival. According to legend, the Yellow Emperor invented the original purpose of training warriors. Playing polo is also one of the dramas of the Dragon Boat Festival. Polo, is riding on the horse, playing with a stick, the ancient name is killed. In the "Famous Capitals" of the Three Kingdoms Cao Zhi, there is a sentence of "even slamming the soil". "Analysis of Jin Zhi" records that the Liao Kingdom used polo as a traditional custom of the festival, playing in the Dragon Boat Festival and heavy nine. "Gold History, Li Zhi" also remembers the gold man hitting the ball at the Dragon Boat Festival. In the Song Dynasty, there was a "playing ball" dance team. In the Ming Dynasty, polo was still popular.
The ball, the ancient name is killed. In the "Famous Capitals" of the Three Kingdoms Cao Zhi, there is a sentence of "even slamming the soil". "Analysis of Jin Zhi" records that the Liao Kingdom used polo as a traditional custom of the festival, playing in the Dragon Boat Festival and heavy nine. "Gold History, Li Zhi" also remembers the gold man hitting the ball at the Dragon Boat Festival. In the Song Dynasty, there was a "playing ball" dance team. In the Ming Dynasty, polo was still popular.
Before and after the Qingming, Chunyang shines, spring rains fly, planting seedlings have a high survival rate and grow fast. Therefore, since ancient times, China has had the habit of planting trees in Qingming. Some people also called the Ching Ming Festival the "Tree Planting Festival." Tree planting customs have been circulating ever since.
fly a kite
Flying a kite is also an activity that people love during the Ching Ming Festival. During the Ching Ming Festival, people not only put it during the day but also at night. In the night, under the kite or on the wind-stable line, a string of small colored lanterns, like twinkling stars, is called "the magic lamp". In the past, when some people put the kites on the blue sky, they cut off the match line and let the breeze send them to the ends of the earth. It is said that this can eliminate the disease and bring good luck to themselves.
Sweeping the grave
Qingming sweeping the tomb, which is called "the respect for the time" to the ancestors. Its customs have been around for a long time. Ming "The Emperor Jingjing Scenery" contains: "March Qingming Day, men and women sweeping the tomb, carrying the honor, the car is hung after the horse, and it is full of sorrow. The worshiper, the sorcerer, the cryer, the tomb weeding Incinerate the ingots and put the money in the grave. If there is no paper money in the hope, then the lonely tomb. Cry, don’t return, go to the tree, choose the garden, and sit down and drunk.” In fact, the grave was there before Qin. But not necessarily on the occasion of the Qingming, the Qingming sweeping the tomb is after the Qin. It was only popular in the Tang Dynasty. And passed down to the present.