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You certainly don’t know, in addition to commemorating Qu Yuan in the Dragon Boat Festival, there are three other legends.
Summe Dragon Boat Festival is the traditional festival of our Chinese nation. Every year, Dragon Boat Festival is held everywhere. We can taste all kinds of rice dumplings, drink realgar wine, and even store noon water for bathing. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the Dragon Boat Festival had a history of more than 2000 years. But the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival was that besides the well-known Quyuan's sacrifice to the river, there were other allusions. Here are four stories to tell you:
I. Commemoration of Quyuan
The first legend of the Dragon Boat Festival commemorates Quyuan and is also the most widely circulated. According to the Records of History, Quyuan was the Minister of King Huai of Chu in the Spring and Autumn Period. He advocated promoting virtue and empowerment, enriching the country and strengthening the army, and advocating united resistance to Qin Dynasty. He was strongly opposed by noble Zilan and others. Quyuan was banished from his post and was expelled from the capital and exiled to the Yuanhe and Hunan valleys. In exile, he wrote immortal poems such as Li Sao, Tian Wen and Jiu Ge, which are concerned about the country and the people. They have unique features and far-reaching influence (hence, Dragon Boat Festival is also called Poet's Day).
In 278 B.C., the Qin army conquered Kyoto, the state of Chu. Quyuan saw his motherland being invaded and his heart was like a knife, but he could not bear to abandon his motherland. On May 5, after writing his masterpiece "Huaisha", he threw himself into the Miluo River to die, and composed a magnificent patriotic movement with his own life.
Legend has it that after Quyuan's death, the people of the State of Chu mourned abnormally and flocked to the Miluo River to hang on to him. The fishermen rowed their boats and salvaged him up and down the river. One fisherman took out rice balls, eggs and other food prepared for Quyuan and threw them into the river. He said that if he had enough fish, lobster and crab, he would not bite the doctor's body.
People followed suit, and an old doctor poured a jar of realgar wine into the river, saying that he wanted to make dragons and beasts sick so as not to hurt Dr. Qu. Later, for fear that the rice ball would be eaten by Jiaolong, people wanted to wrap rice with neem leaves, wrap colorful silk outside, and develop into brown.
Since then, on the fifth day of May every year, there has been the custom of dragon boat racing, eating rice dumplings and drinking realgar wine to commemorate the patriotic poet Quyuan.
2. Commemoration of Wu Zixu
The second legend of the Dragon Boat Festival, which is widely spread in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, commemorates Wu Zixu in the Spring and Autumn Period. Wu Zixu, a famous member of the state of Chu, and his father and brother were all killed by the king of Chu. Later, Zixu abandoned darkness and went to Wu to help Wu defeat Chu, and entered the capital of Chu in the Fifth World War. At that time, King Chuping was dead, and Zixu excavated 300 tomb whips and corpses in order to avenge the killing of his father and brother.
After the death of King Helu, his son and husband succeeded. Wu Jun's morale was high. He won a hundred battles and defeated the state of Yue. King Gou Jian of Yue asked for peace, and his husband allowed him to do so. Zixu suggested that the state of Yue should be eradicated thoroughly, and that the governor of Wu State should not listen to his husband. He was bribed by the state of Yue, and that his son should be framed by gossip, and that his husband should trust him and give him a sword to die with.
Zi Xuben was loyal and respectful. Before his death, he said to his neighbour, "After I died, I dug out my eyes and hung them on the east gate of Wu Jing to see the army of Vietnam enter the city to destroy Wu." He killed himself. His husband was furious when he heard that he put the corpse of Zixu into the river in leather on May 5. Therefore, it is said that the Dragon Boat Festival is also a commemoration of Wu Zixu's day.
3. Commemoration of the filial daughter Cao E
The third legend of the Dragon Boat Festival is to commemorate the salvation of Cao'e, a filial daughter of the Eastern Han Dynasty. Cao E was a Shangyu native of the Eastern Han Dynasty. Her father drowned in the river and disappeared for several days. At that time, Cao E, a filial daughter, was only fourteen years old and cried along the river day and night.
Seventeen days later, he also threw himself into the river on May 5th. Five days later, he took out his father's body. This was passed on as a myth, and then passed on to the county governor, so that Du Shangwei set up a monument for it, and let his disciple Handan Chunzuo eulogize the imperial edict.
The Tomb of Cao'e, a filial daughter, was written by King Yi of Jin Dynasty in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province. To commemorate Cao'e's filial piety, later generations built Cao'e Temple in the place where Cao'e threw himself into the river. The village where she lived was renamed Cao'e Town and the place where Cao'e died was named Cao'e River.
4. Totem Festival Originated from Ancient Yue Nationality
The fourth legend of the Dragon Boat Festival is the traditional festival of totem sacrifice of ancient Yue people. A large number of unearthed cultural relics and Archaeological Studies in modern times confirm that there is a cultural relic characterized by geometric printed pottery in the vast area of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in the Neolithic Age. According to experts, the remains belong to a tribe that worships dragon totems, known as Baiyue in history.
The decorations and historical legends on the unearthed pottery show that they have the custom of breaking hair tattoos. They live in the water village, and they are the descendants of dragons. Its production tools, a large number of stone tools, but also shovels, chisels and other small pieces of bronze. As daily necessities, the imprinted pottery tripod for cooking food is unique to them and one of the symbols of their ethnic group.
Until the Qin and Han Dynasties, there were Baiyue people. Dragon Boat Festival was a festival for ancestors. In thousands of years of historical development, most of the Baiyue people have merged into the Han nationality, while the rest have evolved into many minority nationalities in the south. Therefore, the Dragon Boat Festival has become a festival of the whole Chinese nation.
Fujian Lianda Shizheng
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